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Preparing an Emergency Fund

Life is full of surprises, both pleasant and challenging. While we all hope for the best, it’s essential to prepare for the unexpected. That’s where an emergency fund comes into play. An emergency fund is like a financial safety net, a buffer that provides peace of mind and financial security when unexpected expenses or crises arise.

  • A 2023 Straits Times survey found that nearly half of Singaporeans don’t have enough savings to tide through an emergency, defined as needing 3-6 months’ worth of expenses.
  • An OCBC survey released in 2023 indicated that while 84% of Singaporeans save at least 10% of their salary, this number has decreased from 91% in 2022.
  • This same survey revealed that 53% of respondents believe they don’t have enough saved to cover their family’s needs for a year, up from 46% in 2022.

In this article, we will delve into the significance of having an emergency fund, how to build one, and the role it plays in safeguarding your financial well-being.

So, let’s embark on a journey to understand why this financial cushion is a crucial component of your financial strategy – something we all should consider for those unexpected curveballs life can throw our way. This article is here to help you understand the ins and outs of creating one.

First Things First: What’s an Emergency Fund?

An emergency fund is your financial safety net. It’s there to catch you when you’re hit by unexpected expenses. It should meet two key criteria:

  1. Accessible Cash: Your emergency fund should be in an account you can access quickly. Think savings or a money market account – cash equivalents. Stashing it as actual cash isn’t recommended.
  2. Urgent and Unplanned: This fund is exclusively for things you didn’t see coming, but you absolutely need to survive or function. So, think home repairs, sudden medical bills, car problems, or living expenses when you lose your job. It’s not meant for shopping sprees, holidays, or routine expenses.

Who Needs an Emergency Fund?

The short answer: everyone. Whether you’re climbing the corporate ladder or staying in one place, an emergency fund is your financial safety net. It’s your lifeline when the going gets tough. But how much you stash away depends on your unique situation.

Maintaining an emergency fund is pivotal for financial security in Singapore, particularly in light of the escalating cost of living and potential economic uncertainties. Pertinent statistics underscore the significance of emergency funds for Singaporeans, shedding light on the current state of financial preparedness:

A recent 2023 OCBC survey brings to attention that almost half of Singaporeans, constituting 53%, lack the recommended six months’ worth of salary saved to effectively cover unforeseen expenses. This staggering percentage highlights a substantial gap in readiness to confront unexpected financial challenges.

Delving deeper into demographics, the survey elucidates that the size of emergency funds exhibits variation across different age groups. Younger workers, aged 25-34, tend to have smaller emergency funds, averaging 3.4 months’ worth of salary. This figure progressively increases with age, reaching 4.5 months for those aged 35-44 and 5.2 months for individuals aged 45-54.

Moreover, the survey unveils that higher-income earners generally possess more substantial emergency funds. Individuals earning above S$8,000 per month, for instance, demonstrate an average of 6.3 months’ worth of salary saved. These findings underscore the nuanced dynamics of emergency fund preparedness and emphasize the importance of fostering financial resilience across diverse demographics in Singapore.

How to Build an Emergency Fund

Step 1: Find Your Magic Number

Financial experts often suggest saving 3 to 6 months’ worth of expenses. But, your ideal amount hinges on various factors. If you’ve got a stable job, low expenses, or multiple income sources, you can lean towards the lower end. However, if your income’s erratic, your expenses are high, or you rely on one income stream, aim for a larger cushion.

Don’t forget to consider the economic climate. In times of uncertainty (like economic downturns or pandemics), it’s smart to beef up your fund.

Remember, while you can’t put a cap on your safety, having too much in your emergency fund can be counterproductive, as you miss out on potential investment opportunities.

Step 2: Set Savings Goals

Saving a hefty amount at once can seem overwhelming. So, it’s best to break it down. Take a look at your monthly budget – how much can you comfortably tuck away each month? If you earn $10,000 monthly and spend $7,000, you can save $3,000 monthly.

With this monthly goal, you can map out how long it’ll take to hit your target. For instance, to build a 6-month emergency fund, you’d need $42,000 ($7,000 x 6). Saving $3,000 a month, you’ll reach this goal in 14 months.

Step 3: Start ASAP

It’s never too early to start building your emergency fund. Sure, you might already have debts, regular expenses, or other financial commitments. If that’s the case, begin with a mini emergency fund – just one month’s worth of expenses. Then, focus on clearing high-interest debts. Once you’ve done that, you can allocate more to your fund.

Step 4: Keep It Separate

Your emergency fund should be tucked away in a separate account. This ensures it’s not spent on non-emergencies. To make it even easier, set up automatic transfers from your main account to your emergency fund. This way, you never forget to save.

Bonus: Quick Ways to Build Your Fund If you’re looking to turbocharge your fund, there are some handy tricks:

  • Cut Back on Unnecessary Expenses: Identify areas where you’re overspending and cut back. Those rarely-read magazines or the gym membership you never use – ditch ’em.
  • Change Spending Habits: If you’re eating out too much or splurging on clothes regularly, challenge yourself to cut back and save more.
  • Boost Your Income: Any extra cash you earn, whether it’s a bonus, side gig income, or consulting work, toss it straight into your emergency fund to help it grow faster.

Building an emergency fund is a crucial step in securing financial stability in Singapore, and several recommendations can guide individuals in this endeavor. Firstly, it is advisable to aim for saving at least 3-6 months’ worth of living expenses. This provides a robust financial cushion to weather unexpected challenges such as job loss, medical emergencies, or unforeseen expenses.


Choosing the right savings vehicle is equally important. Prioritizing high-yield savings accounts or short-term Singapore Government Securities (SGS) ensures that the emergency fund remains easily accessible while potentially generating some returns.

To facilitate consistent savings, consider automating transfers to your emergency fund. Setting up automatic transfers regularly helps establish a disciplined savings habit, ensuring that you contribute to your emergency fund consistently over time.

It’s crucial to regularly review and adjust your emergency fund target based on changes in your life circumstances. Major life events, such as marriage, having children, or purchasing a home, may necessitate an adjustment in the amount you aim to have in your emergency fund.

Understanding the emergency fund statistics in Singapore and implementing these proactive steps can lead to greater peace of mind and financial resilience. Every dollar saved towards your emergency fund contributes to your overall financial security, providing a safety net that empowers you to navigate unforeseen challenges with confidence. Remember, building and maintaining an emergency fund is a continuous and rewarding financial practice.

An emergency fund is your financial backbone. If you haven’t got one, it’s time to make a plan. Remember, it’s not just about surviving; it’s about thriving, no matter what life throws your way.

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